Document Type : Original
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
The present study was conducted to investigate the association between the serum vitamin D levels and severity of disease in chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS) patients.
Materials and Methods:
This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 93 patients suffering from chronic rhino sinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRS w NP). Serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was detected using a simple blood test. A22-item questionnaire, namely the sinonasal outcome test-22 (SNOT-22), was used to assess the subjective disease severity and patients' quality of life. In addition, the radiographic signs of the disease severity were evaluated using the Lund-Mackay Scale (LMS).
The mean age and serum vitamin D level of the patients were measured at 37.7±13.6 years and 24.6±16.9 ng/ml, respectively. Moreover, the mean of LMS and SNOT-22 scores were calculated at 14.2±11.2 and 40.8±17.6, respectively. There was a negative correlation between the SNOT-22 and serum levels of vitamin D (P=0.034). Similarly, LMS and serum vitamin D levels were correlated negatively (P=0.027). Furthermore, the results revealed a direct relationship between LMS and SNOT-22 (P<0.0001).
According to the obtained results, there was a significant relationship between the serum vitamin D levels and severity of disease in patients with CRS w NP. Therefore, serum vitamin D levels could be added to the routine workup of the patients suffering from CRS w NP.