Disease-Specific Vs Non-Specific Questionnaires on Septoplasty Outcomes

Document Type : Original

Authors

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Vila Nova de Gaia / Espinho Hospital Center, Portugal.

10.22038/ijorl.2022.59117.3076

Abstract

Introduction:
Validated questionnaires are a valuable tool in medical practice. The role of septoplasty in improving patients’ non-nasal symptoms and their quality of life is still controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in outcome after septoplasty measured by a disease-specific questionnaire vs a general QoL questionnaire.
Materials and Methods:
A total of 50 patients underwent septoplasty and completed the SNOT-22 and the SF-36v2 questionnaires preoperatively and at 6 months post-op. Pre-op, post-op and variation for each domain in both questionnaires were calculated and compared with a measure of self-reported health transition (Question 2 of SF-36v2) and with the Minimal important difference (MID) for our sample.
Results:
SNOT-22 scores significantly improved for each specific question and for the total score. SF-36v2 showed a significant improvement in scores for mental domains (Mental Health, Role Emotional, and Vitality) but less so for the physical domains. MID for our sample was 4.2 points. Patients with variations greater than 4.2 in SNOT-22 total score (74%) revealed significantly better variations in Physical Function, General Health, Social Function and Vitality.
Conclusions:
Validated questionnaires are a fundamental tool for assessing outcomes of commonly performed surgeries in ENT. Disease-specific questionnaire showed improvement in scores for the majority of patients. The general QoL showed improvement only in Mental Domains. This may suggest that the impact of septoplasty in patient’s general health might not be significant.

Keywords


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