Document Type : Original
Department of otorhinolaryngology, Institute for Cancer Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,Iran
Department of otorhinolaryngology, Institute for Cancer Research, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of immunology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
IL-8 is one of the pro-inflammatory cytokines which can play an essential role in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) as well as nasal polyposis (NP). The ability of individuals in producing IL-8 is partially determined by IL-8-251 A/T polymorphism. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between IL-8-251 A/T and CXCR2 +1208 C/T genes polymorphisms and susceptibility to CRS and NP.
Materials and Methods:
Two hundred and forty fiveCRS patients and 204 healthy controls were included in this study. CRS patients were categorized by the existence or absence of NP. IL-8 promoter-251 A/T and CXCR2 +1208 C/T gene polymorphisms were genotyped via the allele specific PCR (AS-PCR) method.
While no remarkable difference was demonstrated between patients and controls for both CXCR2 +1208 C/T and IL-8 -251 A/T polymorphisms, a significant increase in IL-8-251 AA genotype was detected in CRS patients with NP compared to those without it (29.3% and 16.2%, respectively; P=0.03). Interestingly, this association got far stronger when only non-asthmatic CRS patients were taken into consideration (P=0.001).
The results of the present study indicate that the inheritance of IL-8-251 Aallele is associated significantly with NP development in CRS patients. Therefore, NP formation might be a result of the exposure to an intense inflammatory environment, which is more likely in genetically susceptible CRS patients.