Document Type: Case Report
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gregorio Marañón Hospital, Madrid, SPAIN.
Thyroid gland fibrosarcomas are extremely rare tumors, and only very few cases have been described in the literature. There are no set recommendations along with follow-ups regarding the treatment of these tumors. Moreover, the prognosis is poor with a very short life expectancy.
We present an 81-year-old patient who was suffering from increasing dysphagia and dysphonia related to a painless giant cervical mass, which presented with progressive growth for the preceding months. After a core needle biopsy with a suspicion of a solitary fibrous tumor, total excision of the tumor was successfully performed, and the pathology examination revealed a fibrosarcoma. Following surgery, radiotherapy was decided in the oncological multidisciplinary meeting; however, the patient refused it. There were neither new clinical symptoms nor tumor recurrence after an 18-month follow-up.
Although it is a very rare tumor, primary fibrosarcoma of the thyroid gland should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of neck tumors.