Document Type: Original
Sinus and Surgical Endoscopic Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Professor of Dermatology, Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Acne is a common complain among post rhinoplasty patients. While rhinoplasty is done for aesthetic reasons and acne expressively affects the individual’s appearance, we aimed to study its incidence and role players.
Materials and Methods:
A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 152 (143 females and 9 males) patients admitted for rhinoplasty during January 2016 to March 2017. Patients were examined by a dermatologist prior to surgery and 7, 30 and 90 days after rhinoplasty using the Global Acne Grading System and responded to a list of questions on the probable risk factors of acne. Psychological status was examined by the perceived stress scale-14 and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.
The patients' mean age was 28.9±3.82 yrs. Mild and moderate acne were observed in 21.7% (n=33) of the cases in the preoperative visit. The incidence of mild and moderate acne was 36.1%, 42.8% and 23% after 7, 30 and 90 days of surgery, respectively. One week after rhinoplasty, acne manifested in 14.9% of cases with no history of acne. Mean age significantly differed between those with and without post-surgical acne at all post-surgical visits (P> 0.001 and P=0.001 and P=0.015, respectively). Hospital anxiety and depression and perceived stress levels were significantly higher in patients who presented with acne on the first post-surgical visit compared to those with no acne presentations (P=0.04 and P=0.02, respectively).
External psychological stress may be the main role player in post-rhinoplasty acne. Consultation or referral of patients to an experienced psychologist is highly recommended for a better outcome and fewer complications.