Allergic Rhinitis in Adults with Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media

Document Type: Original


1 Sinonasal Diseases Research Centre, Amiralmomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

2 Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

3 PhD Candidate, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4 Department of Otolaryngology, Amiralmomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.


Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is considered one of the most common causes of acquired hearing impairment in developing countries. CSOM is a multifactorial persistent inflammatory disease of the middle ear. A distinct pathophysiologic mechanism linking allergic rhinitis (AR) and CSOM remains to evolve. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between AR and CSOM in adults.This was a case-control study.
Materials and Methods:
The subjects were 62 adults (23 male, 39 female) with established CSOM and 61 healthy controls.CSOM was diagnosed when there was a history of chronic (persisting for at least 3 months) otorrhea, accumulation of mucopurulent exudates in the external auditory canal or middle ear and/or perforated tympanic membrane on otoscopy. All participants were evaluated for the presence of AR by clinical evaluation of allergic symptoms, and underwent a skin-prick test for 23 common regional allergens. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.
The prevalence of clinical rhinitis (allergic and non-allergic) was significantly higher among the cases compared with controls (62.5% vs. 37.5%, P=0.02). The prevalence of AR (proven by positive skin-prick test) was also significantly higher among affected adults than controls (24.6% and 13.8%, respectively). Adjusting for age, a logistic regression model showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups. Patients with AR and non-AR were at 3.27- (95% CI=1.15–9.29; P=0.036) and 2.57-(95% CI=1.01–6.57; P=0.048) fold increased risk of developing CSOM, respectively, compared with healthy individuals.
The study showed a higher prevalence of AR in CSOM patients than in controls. It may be valuable to evaluate and control this factor in these patients.


Main Subjects

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