Otoacoustic Emissions in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Changes of Measures with Treatment

Document Type: Original

Authors

1 Department of otorhinolaryngology, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

2 Department of biostatistics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

3 Ear, Nose, Throat, Head and Neck surgery Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Abstract

Introduction:
To identify changes in OAEs parameters in treatment course of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (iSSNHL).
Materials and Methods:
In aprospective studyfromAugust 2005 to January 2009, 26 patients with iSSNHL underwent conventional audiometry/tympanometry and two types of OAEs (TEOAEs and DPOAEs) before and after the completion of standard drug therapy.The changes in pre- and post- treatment parameters were compared with each other and with normal-contralateral ears.
Results:
In TEOAEs, the mean overall correlation (reproducibility) and the mean overall strength in involved ears were 10.96±23.36 and 0.99±3.45 dB, respectively, before the treatment, which reached 22.88±36.55 and 1.85±5.3, respectively, after the treatment (P>0.05). Significant difference between “correlation score” (average of correlations at 3-4 involved frequencies) before and after treatment was found: 6.52 ±18.19 vs. 21.67±37.8 (P<0.034). The difference between pre- and post-treatmentoverall correlation and correlation score in the “response group” were significant (P<0.031).  In DPOAEs of the involved ears, the mean DP1 level and the DP1 signal-to-noiseratio changes were not significant with the treatment (P>0.05).
Conclusion:
Evoked OAEs, especially TEOAEs, are objective, rapid, and sensitive tools in the treatment course of iSSNHL.

Keywords