Ectopic Ciliated Cyst in the Mandible Secondary to Genioplasty and Lefort after Two Years: A Case Report and Literature Review

Document Type: Case Report

Authors

1 Oral Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Specialized, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction:
The ectopic ciliated cyst is a rare non-odontogenic cyst which occurs as a delayed complication after maxillary sinus radical surgery; this lesion emerges due to the destruction of the sinus mucosa during the surgery and entrapment of the respiratoryepitheliumin the region. This lesion has been observed in very rare cases following genioplasty and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery.
 
Case Report:
We reported a case of the ectopic ciliated cyst in in the mandible of a 37-year-old Iranian woman following genioplasty and Lefort 1 surgery after 2 years. Its treatment was enucleation.
 
Conclusion:
Long-term follow-up after cosmetic surgery of both jaws is recommended due to the probability of this cyst. 

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