Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Correlation in Palm Tree Workers of Jahrom City in 2016

Document Type: Original

Authors

1 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

2 Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

4 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran

Abstract

Introduction:
Allergic rhinitis and asthma can be related to occupation. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between asthma or allergic rhinitis and employment in the palm tree gardens of Jahrom, Iran.
 
Materials and Methods:
This was a cross-sectional study including 50 palm tree garden workers and a control group of 50 office employees. Data collection included demographics, as well as standard International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) and A New Symptom-Based Questionnaire for Predicting the Presence of Asthma (ASQ) questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS22. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, t-test, and logistics regression were used to analyze data.
 
Results:
The correlation between asthma and occupation was significant (       P=0.046); and asthma prevalence was higher in palm tree garden workers. However, no relationship was observed between age, duration of employment, smoking cigarettes, hookah, or opium addiction with asthma. Furthermore, in this study, no significant relation was observed between the prevalence of asthma and contact with dust, contact with pets’ skin and hair, family history of asthma, or the use of perfume and air freshener. The symptoms of allergic rhinitis (including sneezing, runny nose, and blocked nose) were significantly greater in palm tree garden workers (P=0.038). These symptoms in both workers and office employees were higher in spring.
 
Conclusion:
In our study, allergic rhinitis and asthma were more common in palm tree garden workers than in the general population. According to our study, people working in this occupation should take necessary precautions.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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