Document Type : Original
Department of Otolaryngology, New OPD, PGIMER, Sector 12, Chandigarh, India.
Department of Otolaryngology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
The present study reviews our experience with children with white matter disturbances and the benefits they get from rehabilitation post cochlear implantation.
Materials and Methods:
It is a retrospective cohort study of 7 cochlear implanted children with white matter disturbances. Preoperatively all the subjects had undergone a complete Audiological test battery for confirmation of hearing thresholds. Post assessment, a digital hearing aid trial was followed by three months’ therapy. Unilateral cochlear implant surgery and monitored auditory-verbal therapy sessions were the next line of treatment for at least one year. The therapist regularly monitored hearing and communication outcomes on an Auditory verbal ongoing scale, revised CAP, MAIS, word, and sentence discrimination scores.
The age range of Implantation was between 48 to 60 months. 5 out of 7 participants showed remarkable improvement with regular therapy. Their Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS) scores were greater than 35 indicating good auditory integration and Categories of Auditory Performance (CAP) revealed scores of even 9 and higher indicating good telephone conversation. Speech Intelligibility Rating (SIR) showed a rating of 4 meaning thereby that an unfamiliar Listener could understand Speech without additional cues. However, all of them reported difficulty perceiving speech in noisy environments. Two cochlear implantees needed speech reading cues in conjunction with the audition.
Our experience with cochlear Implantation in children with white matter abnormalities has been positive and satisfactory. The presence of white matter abnormalities on MRI should not be a contraindication for Implantation. Successful outcomes can be expected with regular and dedicated auditory-verbal therapy sessions.