Serum 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D in Chronic Rhinosinusitis with and Without Nasal Polyposis: A Case-Control Study in Northern Iran

Document Type: Original

Authors

1 Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

2 International Campus, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Introduction:
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with and without nasal polyposis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sinuses and nasal mucosa. Recent evidence has indicated a relationship between serum 25-hydroxyl vitamin D (OH-VitD) deficiency and CRS. Regarding this, the present study aimed to compare the serum level of 25-OH-VitD in CRS patients with and without nasal polyposis and control groups.
Materials and Methods:
This study was conducted on 117 adult subjects in three groups of CRS with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP; n=32), CRS without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP; n=35), and healthy controls (n=50). The mean level of serum 25-OH-VitD in the three groups was measured by means of enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay. The data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 18).
Results:
Mean serum levels of 25-OH-VitD in CRSwNP, CRSsNP, and control groups were 12.52, 15.54, and 22.04 ng/ml, respectively. There was a significant difference between the case and control groups in terms of 25-OH-VitD level (P=0.0001). However, no significant difference was observed between the CRSwNP and CRSsNP groups in this regard (P=0.464). The women had a VitD deficiency odds ratio (OR) of 2.47, compared with men (OR=2.47, 95% CI=1.04-5.86). The OR of VitD deficiency with aging was obtained as 0.957 (95% CI=0.925-0.989). In this regard, older patients had a lower probability of VitD deficiency, compared to younger patients.
Conclusion:
As the findings indicated, serum 25-OH-VitD was significantly lower in CRS patients, compared with that in the non-CRS subjects.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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