Correlation of Serum Vitamin D Levels with Chronic Rhinosinusitis Disease Severity

Document Type: Original

Authors

1 Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

2 Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Abstract

Abstract
Introduction:
The present study was conducted to investigate the association between the serum vitamin D levels and severity of disease in chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS) patients.
Materials and Methods:
This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 93 patients suffering from chronic rhino sinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRS w NP). Serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was detected using a simple blood test. A22-item questionnaire, namely the sinonasal outcome test-22 (SNOT-22), was used to assess the subjective disease severity and patients' quality of life. In addition, the radiographic signs of the disease severity were evaluated using the Lund-Mackay Scale (LMS).
Results:
The mean age and serum vitamin D level of the patients were measured at 37.7±13.6 years and 24.6±16.9 ng/ml, respectively. Moreover, the mean of LMS and SNOT-22 scores were calculated at 14.2±11.2 and 40.8±17.6, respectively. There was a negative correlation between the SNOT-22 and serum levels of vitamin D (P=0.034). Similarly, LMS and serum vitamin D levels were correlated negatively (P=0.027). Furthermore, the results revealed a direct relationship between LMS and SNOT-22 (P<0.0001).
Conclusion:
According to the obtained results, there was a significant relationship between the serum vitamin D levels and severity of disease in patients with CRS w NP. Therefore, serum vitamin D levels could be added to the routine workup of the patients suffering from CRS w NP.

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